For better or worse, teachers get grades too


Arizona is buzzing with news about the latest state school report cards — district and charter schools get letter grades based on kids’ performance on AzMERIT and other factors.

The grades effect school enrollment, real estate values — and teacher pay.

The fact that teacher pay is based on student performance is not discussed much outside of school lunch rooms. But it’s true. Whether or not students perform well on one state standardized test can figure in to whether that teacher will have a nice San Diego beach vacation  — or stay home to roast hot dogs on the family grill  over summer break.

It sounds unjust. And it is.

The teacher rating system that takes school performance into account has been around for about five years. Many think it is unfair and there have been arguments in the legislature about whether it should be scrapped. 

A few years ago, when I was still a newspaper reporter, I sat in a meeting on education salaries and listened to outstanding teachers from a Title 1 high school complain that their bonuses would be half the amount of those going to teachers at a wealthier school just a few miles away.

Their  hard work in the past year had earned their school a B on its state report card, up from a C the year before. But the A school remained an A school and those teachers would be putting down payments on new cars and going on vacation. The others would not.

teacher grades

I didn’t think much about school letter grades when I took a job at a high-performing school in a wealthy area my first year of teaching. But come summer break, I was glad I did. One payday last summer I discovered more than $2,000 extra in my checking account My bonus was based on my school’s letter grade, whether or not I participated in district training programs and my principal’s evaluation of my work.

Teachers are not given letter grades but most often are rated “effective,” “highly effective,” “developing” or “ineffective.” They usually need an “effective” rating to get a bonus.

Relieved that my school held on to its A

My pay this year will be based on similar criteria. I just learned that the school where I teach this year was among the 18 percent of Arizona schools that hung on to its A this year. The criteria for getting a good grade is tougher this year so many schools dropped a grade or so. Staff at my school were elated by the good news.

But the Saturday after the grades were announced, I attended an education conference and saw the worry and stress other teachers were experiencing.  Many of these professionals have dedicated themselves to teaching world languages to some of the state’s poorest children.

Is it fair that the state should downgrade their schools just because children arrive with fewer advantages? And should these teachers receive smaller bonuses?

Why should advantaged teachers and schools get higher ratings?

I have taught at a district middle school in one of the wealthiest parts of the Valley. Now I teach at a district magnet school that enrolls students whose parents have the means to drive them to and from school and stack the supply room high with paper, pens and anything else a classroom might need.

Sure teachers work hard at those schools and the As — and teacher bonuses — are well deserved. But shouldn’t our peers at schools in poorer communities get the same support?



What this new teacher did during summer vacation

20170610_154106What did I do over my first summer break from teaching?

I did not work a summer job so I could afford the finer things in life, such as a boat, as one Arizona legislator suggested earlier this year.

Nor did I sit around by the pool catching up on Netflix and reading trashy novels as some might suspect teachers do during their eight — unpaid — weeks off during the summer.

I  have gotten to know many teachers in the past 12 months and I don’t know of any who were not busy doing something — paid or unpaid — to help kids and improve as teachers. Many worked in summer programs with students, others helped their schools and districts bring curricula up to date and a couple daring middle school teachers even guided tours to Central America for a few weeks.

Remembering what it feels like to take a Spanish class

It has been many years since I completed my MA in Spanish at Arizona State University, so I decided it would be good for me to get back to the classroom. I enrolled in a month-long advanced Spanish class in Barcelona — after taking a fun trip through southern Spain with my retired teacher mom.

granada 4

Wow. What a great experience. On the first day I had that deer in the headlights look when the instructor asked me a question I could not answer.

After mentioning that I had arrived late to class because I had just finished a tour of Andalucia, he asked if I had been robbed. The problem was I was not sure if he was joking about southern Spain’s legendary problem with pickpockets — or if he was asking if I was late because I had been kidnapped! We sorted it out and I made a mental note to be a bit more sympathetic with those looks of terror this school year.

I also filled my mobile phone to capacity with photos to show students throughout the year and collected tiny souvenirs for my classroom. Books and videos are fine when teaching students about the language and culture of other countries. But nothing beats real objects they can hold in their hands.


Last summer I took similar classes in Mexico City and returned with images of everything from Mayan tamales to Acapulco’s cliff divers to show students. Few things grab students’ attention better than an image of their teacher learning something new in an odd setting.

Scholarships and sabbaticals needed

One thing that struck me as I got to know fellow students in my Barcelona school is that some were there on expensive paid sabbaticals — or they had scholarships to study Spanish as they earned their MAs in Spanish universities. They came from countries like Japan, Brazil, China and Russia.

One mid-career government worker from Brasilia was on a three-month expense-paid trip to Spain so she could improve her language skills and better communicate with peers in Spain and other Latin American countries.

I was fortunate to have been able to create a travel fund before I left a more lucrative career for teaching a year ago. But most teachers are not in this situation. Their low salaries go to pay off student loans and then to support families. There is little money left for unreimbursed classes and professional travel.


I plan to write more about this at the end of this semester, when many will be planning for summer 2018. In the meantime, if you have teacher travel resources you would like me to share, please write to me at

This new teacher’s biggest challenge

This new teacher’s biggest challenge

My biggest challenge as a first year teacher was not classroom management. It was not keeping up with lesson planning or grading.

My biggest challenge was not responding to questions and complaints from parents  or staying cheerful at long faculty meetings.

No, my biggest challenge was encouraging my students to think — what educators these days call developing a growth mindset.

As someone who loves making kids happy and comfortable in the classroom — and someone who has never been shy about sharing what she knows, it is hard to describe how difficult it was to bite my tongue and not immediately reply when students demanded:

“Just TELL us the answer!”

“Remind us!”

And, my favorite from the last week of school, “FIX THIS!” when a capable eighth grader’s Google Slides project went haywire.

It would have been an easy way to keep stress levels down in my classroom. Just provide the answer (or fix the problem on the computer screen) every time a student struggled. But that’s not in a student’s best interest.

Learning is a struggle — but a good one

Stanford University psychology professor Carol Dweck coined the term growth mindset and presented arguments for praising students who make the struggle to learn in her 2006 book Mindset: The New Psychology of Success.

She encourages parents and teachers to praise students when they work hard and ask them how they feel about themselves afterward.

The idea is to help students value the process of learning and feel good about themselves when they have figured out something on their own — not just memorized correct answers from a textbook.

As a world language teacher, I wanted to students to value the process of figuring out new words in Spanish based on vocabulary they already knew in Spanish and in English. I also wanted them to feel good about being able to create new sentences in Spanish with rules they had learned about nouns, adjectives and verb conjugations.


At the start of the school year, I discovered I had my work cut out for me. Students wanted to memorize passages from the textbook and phrases that I wrote on the board. They wanted those exact passages and phrases to appear on quizzes and tests.

“WHAT?? We didn’t learn this!” I heard over and over. No, I would say. You did not have that exact sentence but you learned something similar. Apply what you know.

As I said. It was hard not to just break down and just tell students the answers. All of the kids I taught were smart and adorable. I wanted them to like me and like my class.

Learning how to learn a world language

I had to continually remind myself that learning to think about how to learn Spanish would benefit them more than an immediate A on a quiz.

I wasn’t successful getting all of my students to embrace the passion for learning how to learn a world language. But I know I reached many of them.

More than 90 percent of the eighth graders I taught scored well enough on an end-of-year exam to earn a credit for Spanish 1-2 — a class ninth graders normally take the first year of high school.

I feel like I scored big too. I will be starting a new job at a magnet traditional public school in July. I look forward to teaching the growth mindset at my new school.




No, this teacher did not want a laminator for Christmas

No, this teacher did not want a laminator for Christmas

No, I did not get a laminator for Christmas.

I didn’t want one. I never have wanted one. Nor do I enjoy any of the other classroom tasks that laminating requires. Measuring. Lettering. Cutting in a straight line.

Which apparently makes me unique among teachers.

I became aware of this difference between myself and other new Spanish teachers in my district at the start of the school year, when our department head took us on a tour of the print shop.

Being brand new to teaching, I was expecting a place like Kinkos, where you drop off raw material to be copied and pressed into plastic by experts. To my horror, it turned out we teachers were expected to be the experts with all the machines.

The other teachers were thrilled to see the equipment. Not me.


Fortunately I had brought along only one poster  to laminate. I got another teacher to do the work for me by asking her to show me how the machine worked. I left right after that, figuring if I needed to laminate anything else during the school year I could use the same ruse at least one other time.

The reason I have an aversion to making things for my classroom is that I am not any good at it. As a kid I was all thumbs. The pot holders I make in kindergarten always had dropped loops. I never could color within the lines.  As an adult I don’t sew on buttons. That’s what the dry cleaner is for. I once took a college-level drawing class and produced a lot of work that looked like cartoons.

Fortunately, there are plenty of other things my job requires that I do well. I love grading and communicating with parents by phone and e-mail. Finding amusing images online and projecting them on my classroom screen is no problem. I am getting a handle on managing classrooms full of wiggling sixth, seventh and eighth graders. And even lesson planning has turned out to be fun.


So as I start my second semester as a teacher, I am wondering if I can start to barter services for things that I am good at — composing e-mails or inputting grades into the computer — for lettering, cutting, laminating and working my school’s ornery photocopy machine. After all I have heard a few teachers refer to these tasks as “the fun stuff.”

I would love to hear from other teachers who, like me, dislike the crafty side of teaching. I plan to return to this topic again.

You can reach me at






This teacher’s favorite gifts

This teacher’s favorite gifts

It’s been three days since my first semester as a middle school teacher ended. I’m still a bit overwhelmed.

Not by the amount of work it took  to get missed test and homework made up and grades in. Not by the zany pre-holiday behavior of the 160 or so 12-, 13- and 14-year-olds if my Spanish classes.

No. I’m blown away by the cards and notes of gratitude many of my students took the time to write at the busiest time of the year.


At a faculty meeting the week before winter break, I asked the veteran teachers I sat with what they liked receiving the most from students at holiday time.

All emphasized that they did not expect anything. Our kids, after all, connect with six or more adults at the school when you count coaches, counselors and others who interact with students and getting something for everyone would be too much for many families.

But I teach in school attended by middle- to upper-middle class kids and, at the start of the year, a couple of teachers had whispered to me “wait until your mailbox is stuffed with gift cards at holiday time.”

So I pulled out my newspaper interviewing skills and pressed them a bit. The men confessed to liking liked things like  gift cards and the women said that for anything from bath and beauty stores was considered a windfall. Starbucks gift cards were welcomed by everyone.


But no one mentioned what I found to be the best part of pre-holiday week: Cards from students. Maybe they are just taken for granted by experienced teachers who receive kind messages about their work year after year.

But the notes of gratitude certainly surprised me. Especially after a semester of tough evaluation comments from school administrators and negative e-mails from parents about subjects ranging from the way I grade to my classroom management style.

— Thank you for teaching me Spanish!

— We will be requesting you next year!

— You have been such a big help!

— You make Spanish fun!

— I am happy to have you as a teacher!

Several even put the traditional Spanish upside down exclamation marks in for emphasis.

In an age when people have cut back on cards even to friends and relatives, I was surprised and, as I said to before, overwhelmed. I took every single note home and read them again as I unwound from the week.

When teachers write about why they love their work, they use words like “meaningful” and describe the joy they feel when they see “the light go on” in kids eyes. I get that.

But I rarely hear teachers say how teaching a subject you love to appreciative students is just plain fun.

I will enjoy having a couple of weeks off. But I also can’t wait to start the next semester.

Happy holidays, everyone!